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AUSTRALIA







Population
Geography
Government
History
National Parks
Fun stuff

Links






POPULATION
20 million inhabitants (July 2005 estimation)

SURFACE AREA
7,617,930 sq km (square kilometres)

CAPITAL CITY - Canberra
309,500 inhabitants
Main airport : Canberra International Airport


MAJOR CITIES
(state or territory)
Sydney (NSW)
Melbourne (VIC)
Brisbane (QLD)
Perth (WA)
Adelaide (SA)
Gold Coast (QLD)
Canberra (ACT)


NICKNAME
The "Land Downunder"

GEOGRAPHY
6 states and 2 territories
Highest point : Mount Kosciuszko (2,229 m)

6 STATES
New South Wales (NSW)
Queensland (QLD)
South Australia (SA)
Tasmania (TAS)
Victoria (VI)
Western Australia (WA)

2 TERRITORIES

Australian Capital Territory (ACT)
Northern Territory (NT)

MAPS
political
relief


MOTTO
Coat of Arms

FLAG
In 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. Until this time, Australia used Britain's flag, the Union Jack.
In the top left hand corner is the Union Jack. This shows that Australia is part of the British Commonwealth. Beneath the Union Jack is a large white star with seven points. The points represent the six states and the territories. Originally this star had six points. The seventh point, for the territories was added in 1908.
On the right hand side are the stars of the Southern Cross. The southern Cross was chosen because it can always be seen in the Australian sky at night.

The Aboriginal Flag was designed by Harold Thomas, an artist and an Aboriginal, in 1971. The flag was designed to be an eye-catching rallying symbol for the Aboriginal people and a symbol of their race and identity. The black represents the Aboriginal people, the red the earth and their spiritual relationship to the land, and the yellow the sun, the giver of life.

The Aboriginal flag is increasingly being flown by both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people. In view of its increasing importance in Australian society, the Government initiated steps in 1994 to give the flag legal recognition. After a period of public consultation, the Government made its own decision in July 1995 that the flag should be proclaimed a "Flag of Australia" under section 5 of the Flags Act 1953. The flag was so proclaimed by the Governor General of Australia, William Hayden, on 14 July 1995.




NATIONAL ANTHEM
Advance Australia Fair lyrics & melody
It was declared the national anthem in 1984. It is a revised version of a song written by Peter Dodds McCormick (also known as Amicus) in the late 1900s.
More information

NATIONAL EMBLEMS
Green and gold were proclaimed Australia's national colours by the Governor-General in 1984.
Kangaroo holding a boomerang
the Southern Cross, a constellation that shines brightly in the Southern Hemisphere.
gemstone (pierre précieuse) : opal

AUSTRALIA DAY
January 26th

EDU
CATION
education system

ECONOMY
AGRICULTURE

World Factbook CIA

CURRENCY
The Australian Dollar
Exchange rate online

GOVERNMENT
democratic, federal-state system recognizing the British monarch as sovereign

Chief of state : Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II (since February 6th 1952), represented by Governor General Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Michael JEFFERY (since August 11th 2003).
Head of government : Prime Minister John Winston HOWARD (since March 11th 1996); Deputy Prime Minister John ANDERSON (since July 20th 1999).
Cabinet : Prime Minister nominates, from among members of Parliament, candidates who are subsequently sworn in by the Governor General to serve as government ministers.
No elections. The monarch is hereditary.
Governor General appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the Prime Minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is sworn in as prime minister by the Governor General.

PRIME MINISTER
John Howard (since 1996) - Liberal Party official site

POLITICAL PARTIES
Australian Democrats (Lyn ALLISON)
Australian Labor Party (Kim BEAZLEY)
Australian Progressive Alliance (Meg LEES)
Australian Greens (Bob BROWN)
Liberal Party (John Winston HOWARD)
The Nationals (John ANDERSON)
One Nation Party (Len HARRIS)
Family First Party (Steve FIELDING)


RELIGION (2001 census)
Catholic 26.4%
Anglican 20.5%
other Christian 20.5%
Buddhist 1.9%
Muslim 1.5%
other 1.2%
unspecified 12.7%
none 15.3%


HISTORY
wikipedia

NATIONAL PARKS
official site

FUN STUFF
Australia in focus
Australia for kids jigsaws, quiz, map...
Sydney webcams & 360° virtual tour

SELECTION of LINKS
worldatlas.com
wikipedia.org

The World Factbook (CIA)




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